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大学英语模拟试卷(会计学)

题目年份 2017 阅读 2260 次


Part I :  Vocabulary and Structure (20%)

 

1.He is not looking for a job,____C___,he is not going to look for a job.

A.however   B.but     C.furthermore    D.yet


2.He stayed in hospital.If he did it more____B___ he wouldn’t get injured.

A.care    B.carefully  C.carefulness   D.careful


3.  He was a man who had plenty of money,____C____,who spent it freely.

A.but      B.nevertheless  C.and    D.however


4.I did not attend the meeting because of illness,but I was told about it__D_____

A. latter    B.lately      C.late     D.later


5.It was mid—night then and there were___C___ people in the street,so it was very hard to trace the case.

A.a little     B.many a    C.few     D.a few


6. The candidate ____B___ his chances of election by a very poorly- run campaign.

A. destroyed      B. damaged    C. hurt     D.injured


7.The bus ____C__covers a large number of streets,which facilitates the citizens to go to work.

   A.channel   B.road    C.route   D.way


8.My parents_A______ me from accepting the job because of their bitter experiences in the company.

A.dissuaded     B.asked   C.talked        D.required


9. She suffered cruelly,and,yet every day she had to____D___ her work.

A.pull    B.creep      C.draw   D.drag


10 The couple could not help ___C___when their small boy made faces at them.

    A.laugh     B. to laugh     C.laughing   D.to laugh at


11.Make further efforts,and the Success is just_____D__.

A.nearly       B.after all  C.at present   D.around the corner


12.To his great___B____,his son failed the exam again.

A.impatience  B. disappointment  C.  promotion   D. excitement


13.The old man was so angry that he _____B___ the ticket into pieces.

A.folded    B.tore    C. separated   D. parted


14.I don’t mind how hot it is,but I can’t ____A___the cold.

A.endure    B.beat    C.fight    D.prevent.


15.You should have been more patient___B____ that customer,I’m sure that selling him the watch was a possibility.

A.of.      B.with      C.for      D.at


16.I didn’t recognize him at first_____D____. He changed quite a lot.

    A.look      B.glimpse     C.watch     I).glance


17.He was angry,__C___he listened to me.

    A.so      B.furthermore    C.nevertheless  D.for


18.He usually spends whole evenings just sitting_B___ the television set.

    A.in the front of     B.in front of

    C.in the face of      D.in face of


19.I didn’t tell anyone; ___D_____ I didn’t.

   A.honest    B.dishonest     C.honesty   D.honestly


20.Sony to__B____ you so late,but I have something urgent to tell you.

  A.demand    B.disturb     C.inquire   D.involve

 

Part II: Reading Comprehension (40%)  

(1)All the useful energy at the surface of the earth comes from the activities of the sun. The sun heats and feeds mankind. Each year it provides men with two hundred million tons of grain and nearly ten million tons of wood.

Coal, oil, natural gas, and all the other fuels are stored-up energy from the sun. Some was collected by this season’s plants as carbon compounds. Some was stored by plants and trees ages ago.

 Even waterpower derives from the sun. Water turned into vapor by the sun falls as rain. It courses down the mountains and is converted to electric power.

Light transmits only the energy that comes from the sun’s outer layers, and much of this energy that is directed toward the earth never arrives. About nine-tenths of it is absorbed by the atmosphere of the earth. In fact, the earth itself gets only one half-billionth of the sun’s entire output of radiant energy.


21、All the useful energy at the surface of the earth comes__B____.

A. directly from the sun            B. from the sun’s activity

C. from energy stored by the sun    D. from radiation of the sun


22、Radiant energy is stored as carbon compounds by __A___.

A. plants                         B. rain  

C. coal, oil, and natural gas           D. in flammable substances


23、The sun’s energy indirectly provides the earth with__D____.

A. Fuels     B. waterpower       C. light       D. both A and B


24、The largest part of the radiant energy directly toward the earth is __C____.

A. stored by the current season’s plants     

B. turned into fuel   

C. absorbed by the earth’s atmosphere  

D. used for electric power


25、Of the sun’s entire output of radiant energy, the earth receives____C__.

A. nearly all                   B. above half

C. a very small portion           D. all that comes from the sun’s outer layer

 

(2) When the summer is come you go to a lake or a sea.When you are near a lake or a sea,you feel cool.Why? The sun makes the earth hot, but it cannot make the water very hot.Although the air over the earth becomes hot,the air over the water stays cool.The hot air over the earth goes up.Then the cool air over the water moves in and takes the place of the hot air.When you are near a lake or a sea,you feel the cool air when it moves in.You feel the wind.And the wind makes you feel cool.

    Of course,scientists cannot answer all of our questions.If we ask,“why is the sea full of salt” Scientists will say that the salt comes from rocks.When  rock gets very hot or very cold,it cracks.Rain falls into the cracks.The rain then carries the salt into the earth and into the rivers.The rivers carry the salt into the sea.But then we ask, “What happens to the salt in the sea? The sea does not get more salty every year.” Scientists are not sure about the answer to this question.

   We know a lot about our world.But there are still many answers that we do not have,and we are curious.Scientists are doing more researches and we are asking more questions.

26.People feel cool when they are near the lake or a sea because ____A____.

    A.cool air from the water moves towards the land

    B.the earth is hotter than the water

-   C.the water is cold    .

    D.the earth is hot


27.Scientists say that the salt in the sea come from___B____

A.earth       B.rocks    

   C.rivers       D.air and rain


28.Now scientists know___C__.

A.why the sea does not get more and more salty

B.everything about the sea

C.what makes people feel cool near a lake or a sea in hot weather

D.what happens to the salt in the sea    。


29.A rock cracks when___D____    .

A.rain falls          B.it gets very hot

C.it gets very cold     D.either B or C


30.People ale always curious because___C____

    A.they know nothing about the world

    B.they know little about the world

    C.there ale many answers they don’t have

    D.either A or B

 

(3)Football is,I believe,the most popular game in England:one has only to go to one of the important matches to see this.Rich and poor, young and old,one can see them all there,shouting for one side or the other.

     To a stranger,one of the most surprising things about football in England is great knowledge of the game which even the smallest boy seems to have.He can tell you the names of the players in most of the important teams.He has their pictures and knows the results of large number of matches.He will tell you who he expects will win such and such a match,and his opinion is usually as good as that of men three or four limes his age.

    Most schools in England take football seriously--much more seriously than nearly all European schools,where lessons are all that are important and games are left for children themselves.In England.it is believed that education is not only a matter of filling a boy’s mind with facts in the classroom, but also means the training of character and one of the best ways of training character is by means of games, especially team games,where the boy or girl has to learn to work with others for his team,instead of working for himself alone.The school therefore plans games and matches for its pupils.Football is a good team game; it is a good both for the body and the mind.That is why it is every school’s game in England.

31.In line 2,by “this” the author means___C_____.

  A.people often go to a football game

  B.people,rich and poor,young and old,play football

  C.football is the most popular game in England

  D.people usually shout at each other in a football match


32.At football matches,people often____D___ one team or the other by shouting.

  A.beat    B.laugh at    C.win over   D. support


33.In almost all European schools, lessons are _____D____.

  A.left for the children themselves

  B.what the children like best

  C.as important as football games

  D.considered the most important


34.In England,education means____B_____.

  A.filling a boy’s mind with stories

  B.more than the teaching of knowledge

  C.the teaching of knowledge only

  D.training character by means of football games


35.From the passage,we learn that____A____.

  A.schools in England make use of football games for training of character

  B.football is the second most popular game in England

C.football is more important than lessons

D.only some schools in England have football games

 

 (4)Nowadays many people do not need to carry money in their pocket when they travel all over the world.Is life easier when people don't need to carry any coins for currency at all? Is money heavy to carry? Is it safe to carry money? Maybe in the future each of us will have only one small plastic credit card.We will use it to buy all the things we now buy with money.We will not need money to pay for things.

     Surely we may still have some of the same problems with cards that we now have with money.Sometimes we lose money.Maybe we will lose the cards.People steal money.Maybe some one will take the card.Someone may even make a card that looks like our card. Since we cannot buy anything without our cards,the credit card may be no better than currency.

     Is there something even easier to use than credit cards? All of us have a thumbprint.No two thumbprints are the same.Maybe someday the government will keep people’s thumbprints with a number.No person will have the same thumbprint or number.When you want to buy something you will put your thumb on a machine or a computer.Each store or business will have one.Everyone’s thumbprint will be in the computer.It will be very difficult to lose our  thumbprints.It will be very hard for someone to steal it or make one like it.

36.The word “currency”-most probably refers to____A____.

A.paper money         B.coins  

C.cards              D.strong money   


37.According to the passage,we need_____B____.

A.coins           B.some kind of money

C.currency         D.credit cards


38.People’s thumbprints may be used in the future because______C__.

A.each store will have a control system

B.they will function as currency

C.every thumbprint is different

   D.the government needs them


39.The second paragraph mainly tells us____D____

   A.currency is better than credit card

   B.we have many problems with money

   C.we use cards because cards are convenient

   D.currency may not have more problems than credit cards do


40.Which of the following statements is not true?    C

   A.There is something easier to use than credit cards.

   B.Everyone will have a different thumbprint number.

   C.there are no problems with currency.

   D.There are problems with the use of credit cards.

 

Part III: Cloze (10%)  

    Two or three times a week, she had a customer in __41____ she began to take an interest. He was a middle-aged man ___42__ spectacles and a brown beard. He spoke English with a strong German accent. His clothes were worn and wrinkled, but he looked neat and had very good manners. He always bought two __43___ of stale bread. He never asked for anything ___64__ stale bread; it cost a lot less than __45___ bread. Once Miss Albert noticed a red and brown stain on his finger. She was sure that he was an artist and very poor. No doubt he lived in an attic, where he ___46___ pictures and ate stale bread and thought of good things to eat in bakery.

   Often when Miss Albert sat down to her evening meal, she __47____ sigh and wish the artist might share her food instead of eating his dry bread. One day the customer came in ___48____ usual and asked for his stale bread. As the sudden noise of the fire engine made him hurry to the door, Miss Albert ___49___ her opportunity .She cut each of the loaves with a knife, inserted some butter and , when the customer turned round, she was putting them ___50____ a paper bag.

A41. A. whom  B. who   C which   D. that

C42. A. in   B. on   C. with   D. from

C43. A. cakes   B. boxes  C. loaves  D. pieces

A44. A. but   B. although  C. while   D. however

C45. A. raw   B. new   C. fresh   D. latest

A46. A. painted  B. wrote   C studied  D. worked

B47. A. should  B would   C could   D. will

A48. A. as   B such    C. so   D. same

C49. A. made   B. bought  C seized   D. saved

D50. A. back   B from   C on   D. into

 

Part IV: Translation.  From English to Chinese (15%)

51.  He jumped back as if he had been stung, and the blood rushed into his wrinkled face.

他就象被蜜蜂螫了一样向后跳,布满皱纹的脸涨得通红。

52.  Skimming helps double your reading speed and improves your comprehension as well.

略读能使你的阅读速度加倍,也提高你的理解。

53.  The world won’t end if you don’t pass a test, so don’t worry excessively about a single test.

一次考试不通过不是世界末日,所以不要过分担心。

54.  All the useful energy at the surface of the earth comes from the activities of the sun

所有地球表面的有用能量都来自于太阳的活动。

55.  To a stranger,one of the most surprising things about football in England is great knowledge of the game which even the smallest boy seems to have.

对一陌生人来说,在英国,最使人吃惊的是连最小的小孩也对足球懂得很多。

 

Part V: Translation. From Chinese to English (15%)  

56.恐怕你的结论没有事实根据。(be based on) I am afraid your conclusion is not based on facts.

57.打断老师的讲课是不礼貌的。( interrupt ) It is impolite to interrupt what the teacher says.

58.不要占那个诚实人的便宜。(take advantage of) Don’t take advantage of the honest man.

59.他要把这一点讲清楚还有一定困难。(have difficulty in)He has a little difficulty  in making it clear.

60.昨天早晨我们起床很早以免误了头班车。(lest)We got up early yesterday morning lest we miss the first bus.